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Labour Day


The Day's Wages In this Victoria, our dear land,
The first that dared be free,
To show the world what freedom meant
In new lands 'cross the sea
    - Ode to the Eight Hours' Pioneers
    Hamilton Mackinnon
    April 21, 1896

Labour Day is a holiday celebrated in many countries of the world. It emerged during the 19th and 20th centuries with the labour union and eight-hour-day movements as a means to celebrate the economic and social achievements of workers.

Also known as Eight Hours Day in Tasmania and May Day in the Northern Territory of Australia,
Labour Day commemorates the granting of the eight-hour working day for Australians. It also recognizes workers’ contributions towards the nation’s economy. It is an annual public holiday and its date varies across the states and territories.



International Labour Day

1st Monday in May

  Bangladesh - Labour Day
  China - Labour Day
   Hong Kong - Labour Day    
   India - Labour Day    
   Kazakhstan - Kazakhstan People's Unity Day 
   Kyrgyzstan - Labour Day   
   Malaysia - Workers' Day    
   Pakistan - Labour Day    
   Philippines - Labour Day    
   Russia - Labour Day    
   Singapore - Labour Day         
   South Korea - Labour Day    
   Sri Lanka - Labour Day    
   Taiwan - Labour Day    
   Thailand - National Labour Day    
   Vietnam - Labour Day


Australia

On 21 April, 1856, stonemasons and workers on construction sites around Melbourne stopped work and marched from the University of Melbourne to Parliament House to achieve an eight hour day. Their direct action protest was a success, and they are noted as the first organized workers in the world to achieve an eight hour day with no loss of pay.

Labour and Management poster The five-day 40-hour week was achieved almost a century later in 1948. Labour Day marches are held throughout the country in celebration of organised labour's achievements on behalf of the worker.

The official Labour Day public holiday in Australia  is determined by various states and territory governments, and so varies considerably. It is celebrated on the first Monday in October in the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales and South Australia. In both Victoria and Tasmania, it is the second Monday in March (though the latter calls it Eight Hours Day.

In Western Australia, Labour Day is the first Monday in March. In both Queensland and the Northern Territory, it is the first Monday in May.

 New Zealand

In New Zealand, Labour Day is a national public holiday marked on the fourth Monday in October.








 
 
 
 

 


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Child Laborer, 1912
Child Laborer, 1912


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Screwed
The Undeclared War Against the Middle Class -- And What We Can Do About It

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The American Labor Movement

 by Walter M. Daniels
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Western Australia

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Personalized Christmas Stockings

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