Search the Market
Buy Direct Directory
Bulletin Board Lease a Booth
Home & Garden
Nuts and Grains
Labor Day (U.S.)End of Summer ~ Parades ~ Origins ~ MDA Telethon
Labor Day differs in every essential way from the other holidays of the year in any country. All other holidays are in a more or less degree connected with conflicts and battles of man's prowess over man, of strife and discord for greed and power, of glories achieved by one nation over another. Labor Day... is devoted to no man, living or dead, to no sect, race, or nation.
-- Samuel Gompers, founder of the American Federation of Labor
Established in 1882, Labor Day is a United States federal holiday that occurs annually on the first Monday in September. A creation of the labor movement in the U.S., it celebrates the contributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of the country.
The first Labor Day parade in honor of the working class was organized in New York City by the Knights of Labor on Tuesday, September 5, 1882. More of a protest rally than a tame family affair, the event was held to push for adoption of an eight-hour workday,
Two years later, the Knights held similar parade on the first Monday in September. The Knights subsequently passed a resolution to hold all future parades on the same day, designated them as Labor Day.
Labor Day Origins
Labor Day may have originated with Matthew Maguire, an official of the International Association of Machinist in Paterson, New Jersey, who proposed a holiday dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers in 1882. It was celebrated in September of that year by the Central Labor Union and by 1885 the "workingmen's holiday" was being observed in many industrial areas of the U.S..
The first state recognition of Labor Day occurred in Oregon in 1887, followed by Colorado, Massachusetts, New Jersey and New York. After more states adopted the holiday, the U.S. Congress passed an act making the first Monday in September each year a legal holida in 1894.
Begun on Labor Day at Carnegie Hall in 1955, the Muscular Dystrophy Association Telethon has raised more than $2 billion for research on and treatment of the hereditary muscle disease. Comedian and actor Jerry Lewis began hosting the annual telethon in 1966, raising more than $1 million that year. In 2010, the MDA Telethon raised $58.9 million in pledges with help from more than 250,000 volunteers.
The American Labor Movement
by Walter M. Daniels
Farmer's Market Online. Copyright © 2012 Outrider. All rights reserved. Established in 1995.